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About Plovdiv
Plovdiv- ancient and eternal
Plovdiv is one of the oldest cities in Europe. It is a city older than Rome and Athens, and a contemporary of Troy and Mycenae. Situated along the two banks of Marica River, the luxuriant and pretty Thracian lowland it offers hospitality with its mild climate and the wealth of its long-lived tradition.
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Antiquity:
The city is situated over three gathered hills-Nebettepe, Taksimtepe and Dzhambaztepe. At the top of Nebettepe are situated the remnants of the first prehistoric settlement of the Three hill, which becomes a city in 13th century. It was ascertained that this was the ancient Thracian city Evmolpia.
After Fillip Macedonian’s conquest of the town, the name Filipopol becomes popular in the Ancient world. The Greek writer Lucian claims not without reason: “… This is the biggest and the most beautiful city. Its beauty shines from a distance …” – Lucian / 2nd century/
After the Thracian territories were included in the borders of the Roman Empire the city is named to be an administrative centre of Trace which was pronounced as a roman province in 46th year AC. The Romans called the city Trimontium/ the town of the three hills/ because of the unique beautiful location of the city acropolis over the three hills.
The Roman epoch (2nd-4th century) is an original golden age in the progress of the Ancient town. Archeological researches revealed ruins of ancient public buildings: a huge forum, an impressive stadium, a beautiful amphitheatre, striking fortified walls, paved roads, water-supply system and drainage, pagan temples, aqueducts and aristocratic houses.
-fortress complex Nebettepe
-Antique stadium at the “Dzhumayata” square /2nd century/
-Forum of the antique Filipopol /2nd century/
-Roman mosaics
-Antique theatre- 2nd century AC at the ruling of Trayan emperor
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Middle ages
At the end of 4th century the Byzantine period of the history of the city had began. Around the middle of the 4th century the Slavs come into the city and the ethnic appearance of the region is gradually changed. The Slavs adopt the Thracian name Pulpudeva but they change it to Paldin and Ploudin and that’s how the contemporary name Plovdiv is formed.
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Revival
In the period of the Bulgarian national Revival, Plovdiv is the biggest city in Bulgaria.
During the first half of the 19th century, together with Istanbul, Thessalonica and Edirne the city becomes a big trade centre in the European part of Turkey.
Plovdiv had also been centre of a big craftsman’s region, which included almost the whole South East Bulgaria.
The increasing number of the Bulgarian bourgeoisie stabilizes economically and receives a key influence in the society. These people trade with Europe and Russia which make them open to modern political and cultural influence. The wealthy Plovdiv people began emulation in building new beautiful houses.
In 1956 the Old Plovdiv is pronounced an Architecture Historical Reserve, and in 1979 it receives a golden European medal for preserving the historical memorials.



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